The much-controversial resolution issued by the European Parliament on Algeria raises questions about the power of the left-wing bloc’s influence within the commission in terms of participation, protest and draft decisions.
The Confederate Bloc of the United European Left ranks seventh out of a total of eight political blocs in Parliament, but it has a strong presence in proposing draft resolutions, protest regulations, interventions and organizing events, although it ranks seventh in the ranking of European Parliament blocs in terms of the number of members.
Observers of European Union affairs believe that leftists in the European Parliament rely heavily on proposing draft decisions and resolutions related to Algeria on the left-wing parties in Algeria belonging to the Socialist International (the World Federation of Socialist and Social Democratic Parties and Organizations).
They consider these parties to be the “real eye” through which the European Parliament monitors what is happening in Algeria.
The European Parliament is the direct representation body for European Union citizens at the European Union level, and its 705 members are chosen in general elections at the European Union level every five years.
All European Union member states have a number of European Parliament members, proportional to the size of their population, but small countries have at least 6 members, and the maximum number of members in major countries is 96.
The European Parliament elects a president for a term of two and a half years, and this position is currently held by David Maria Sasoli, an Italian politician and journalist, affiliated with the Democratic Party.
Election campaigns for the European Parliament are mostly conducted at the level of Member States, but the members of Parliament belong to political groups that cross national borders.
Any group must represent at least one-fourth of the member states and consist of a minimum of 25 members.
There are currently eight of these groups. The European People’s Party, which is mostly made up of Christian-democratic, conservative and liberal-conservative politicians, controls 187 seats, followed by the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats bloc with 146 members, the Renewal Europe Bloc with 98 members, the Identity and Democracy Bloc with 96 members and the Greens / The Free European Alliance has 68 members, the European Conservatives and Reformists bloc with 62 members, the Confederation Bloc of the European United Left – Northern Green Left with 39 members, in addition to 29 non-affiliated members of any bloc.
The European Parliament issues European Union laws and approves the European Union budget jointly with the Council of the European Union.
It has the right to express its opinion on international agreements and the enlargement of the European Union, and holds accountable the European Commission as well as all other EU institutions on behalf of citizens. Parliament elects the president of the European Commission and his choice depends on the commissioners.
The European Parliament plays a major role in monitoring EU policies and making recommendations to the Council of the European Union and the European External Action Service, but it has no formal authority or influence over the EU’s foreign policy.
Only a member of Parliament can shed light on a specific situation related to human rights issues and express concern about the situation by directing questions to the Council, the Commission or the European External Action Service, and he can recommend specific actions.
During the plenary session of Parliament, general decisions related to human rights, the European Neighborhood Policy and the Mediterranean region, as well as urgent decisions related to human rights, may be adopted, but they are not binding on other European Union institutions.
In addition, the European Parliament issues an annual report on human rights and democracy in the world.